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CURLIES & JAK 
                   
                  

        ENGLISH   PRESENTATION     
jakcurly@orange.fr

     NEW ! CURLY FONDATION


 PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
OF CURLY
GENETIC
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
WEANING EDUCATION AND FOAL
PRINCIPLES OF JAK     
   

At JAK, in addition to imposing a quality in our breeding, we want to make them accessible to all.
That's why we chose the nearby Rennes, Nantes and Paris (Airport). CURLY farming practices demand access to horse enthusiasts and also to persons (whether or not allergic), wishing to come into contact with BASHKIR CURLY. Today, livestock JAK has +-15 CURLY broodmares and 2 PAINT HORSES broodmares (the one daughter of world cutting champion "STRAIT FROM TEXAS" and the second, daughter of "COLOR ME SMART" another world cutting champion) have integrated the herd to provide splendid crosses western lovers. We can not overemphasize the promotion of cross CURLY by other races. Les Haras Nationaux agree to recognize the race, this issue is underway, in partnership with associations ICHO (USA) and ON CURL (France)

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  ... VETERINARIAN STORY!!  
 He became allergic to the animals he cares for and breeds!
Jeroen Verschuren, my husband, who is a VETENARIAN has become allergic to horses and cats just a few years after obtaining his qualifications. For my part, I've always had horses and our life was tricky. It wasn't even needed for Jeroen to be in contact with a horse to trigger an asthma attack. During the years of the "allergy thread" i had to work between my horses and my husband. When one day I was on the internet and came face to face with a photo of a curly horse, titled "BASHKIR CURLY HORSE HYPOALLERGENIC" our lives changed ...
Today, Jeroen is doing very well with his allergies and horses. He is happy to raise and heal his CURLIES without asthma attacks, giving him great pleasure!
We have observed that over time Jeroen had fewer allergic reactions. The CURLY is less allergenic than the "normal" horse , allergens are available in doses Homéopatique, Jeroen is gradually desensitized. Now he is able to be stand 5 days, such as for trade fairs, among horses of all breeds, provided he breathes fresh air frequently. We incorporated into our herd in December 2008, 2 PAINT HORSE broodmares he has so far not responded to their contact. But his allergies to dust and hay are still present.
Scientific thoughts on this race are very different: a straight horse hair and a curly hair (in varying degrees) and more so-called hypoallergenic.
The gene responsible for the curly hair was found in a recessive form in other breeds (Quarter - Percheron - Arab - Appaloosa - Missoury Fox Trotters, Tennessee walking horses - Paints - Thunderstorms and Paso finos) without any time, make the asset hypoallergenic.
The American scientists began to search deeper as to why these curly horses are less allergenic than other horses, which would be a boon for many riders
     The curls of a horse is hereditary.
These genes, dominant or recessive, grouped in pairs and inherited from both parents influence the curling of the coat of the unborn foal.
These genes can combine in three different ways:

- Two dominant genes = homozygous dominant,
- Two recessive genes = homozygous recessive,
- A pair of mixed = heterozygote.


PRINCIPLES OF BREED JAK

To JAK the best conditions of comfort and psychological health are available to CURLY and PAINTS through breeding at JAK.. Everything is done to propose only foals and horses with their wishes, discipline and riding levels of buyers.
A contract of sale custom is submitted that mention the background, skills and boards of education adapted to the CURLY concerned.
All horses, whether born or imported for breeding, are recorded in the SIRE, and fitted with a transponder. All are registered or registry eligible by the American ICHO.
To guarantee quality, all horses are selected from the best sources available, especially for lines that pathways for athletes, for their conformation and their minds, the mind being the main topic of the selection. Horses offered for sale don't have vice and tare. If the case were to arise, the charter ON CURLS will not sign, and the price of CURLY are based on the product.
The horses are vaccinated with every flu, tetanus and rhynopneumonie and detected viral arterit and contagious metritis, as requested, for all mares presented to breed in hand. Adult horses are dewormed 3 / 4 times a year and foals 5 / 6 times before their first year, starting at around one month old. The dental tables are controlled at the time of breaking and then approximately every 2 years by an equine dentist. A osteoarticular assistance, in addition to the veterinarian, each gene probably physical.
 Grasslands are prepared with care, with regular mechanical and tournus common herd. No chemical fertilizer is used, only natural products (Bactériosol, Bacteriolit).
The horses are settled in the year and have shelters, areas away from the wind, shade, fenced in with flexible cord at 4 levels.
At the entrance of each prairie, an airlock fitted with 2 openings, to avoid any panic or confusion at the time of entry and exit of selected horses.
Hay is available in summer and winter, and cool fresh water is continuous. Horses have a supply of choice complemented by salts and minerals.
The herds are formed according to gender, age and the relationship between horses.
A journey "vita", with varying soils is being studied, it will be "obligatory" to provide areas of dry, hard,
+ - erosion, water, for a physical and mental trimming of hooves .. all natural!
Until this project is actually completed the feet of horses are hoove trimmed every 6 to 8 weeks.

The breed are made by artificial insemination or assembled by hand in any respect for the comfort of mares received. Followed after ovulation in mares, Jereon, owner of livestock, and veterinary, give 2 or 3 ultrasounds control of gestation: at 12/15 days gestation for diagnosis and control of risk of twins, then 20 / 21 days for confirmation of pregnancy, then to 1 and a half months (for breeding mares).

During foaling, integrating the maresin the foaling boxes is "physically" monitored day and night by Aline, who enjoys sleeping with her mares! Foals from birth receive all needed care, care of umbilical cord serum and administration if necessary, verification of proper colostrum. They come out into a private paddock after their second day and are integrated into the herd of mares from their tenth day as long as suitable.

 

WEANING EDUCATION OF JAK FOALS

The foals are weaned at 6 / 7 months, early weaning is a big mistake that we do not want to commit. It is a pity to deprive the foal of education that adult horses submit. In the wild, foals are weaned naturally, due to the matters of weather as well as hierarchies.
Each individual forms a personality and ranks within the herd according to specific codes. Without this step that nature intended, the foal will not be placed in the group and yet it feels unable to live alone, then to counter the fear and timidity, he will live in aggression and permanent leak . It will be very often left out and bullied by his peers. This will be the ongoing vicious circle.
In the case of domestic service, it will also position itself as a group of people / horses, which his mother sent him will be included in its travels. All manners learned when he was young, will be to his advantage.
In its first week of life, curiosity, if he comes to us, we agree to meet it, our task will stop there (except for cases of indispensable care). Thereafter, at around 2 weeks, we are closer to him and play gamesalong with regular contact on request. We then teach him respect and obedience. Our approach to real work starts from 2 months.
We are preparing for adult life. Walking along, "papouilles intimate" and learning to load into a horse lorry or trailer. From 4 months to let it go  by its feet (without forcing). Her mother will be worked out and he will monitor and observe. It has from its early days to be separated from his mother, who will go to the projection in its eye. Then, at 5 months, it will be removed from his mother for short walks of about ten minutes, along with another mare, foal or another, and then only to avoid the shock of separation at weaning .. . and everything is smooth ...
His mother is his Mother, and we are his calf, and a world separates us! Her mother has instilled life among his fellow, and we give him the basics of politeness towards humans!
At JAK we do not have a good idea of the impregnation of foals at birth. Nothing can replace a mother. The foal does not have to be diverted by humans (from us). Nature is our guide again!
The foals are handled with so-called softness. They must themselves come to the man, which is normally about fifteen days. From that moment, a halter is made (for a few moments), and it will be handled in order to be able to administer their first dewormer at one month, without stress. It is imperative, before weaning the foals, they know the basics of politeness, support care, they know work in hand and support the separation of a few moments from their mother.
When the age comes, CURLY's are prepared with care and manners with the help of professionals (following the different conformations and disciplines). The curly matures earlier than a "normal" horse, they receive a light breaking in at 3 years, but the real work begins at the age of 4 years.
A study of school véto Nantes was done with 3 groups of horses in their 1st year.
                                                1 - the group of foals was impregnated                                                      as possible by man.
                                                2 - nothing was done to foals or mares.
                                                3 - ignoring foals, mares have                                                      been handled very frequently.
                       It is in the 3rd casefoals that were most easily clogs. We want to take "the seed" of this experience.

 

ALLERGY- HYPOALLERGENY 
 
Read Article ALLERGY and HYPOALLERGENIC written by Jeroen Verschuren (veterinarian). There are more and more cases of allergy to horses, which have doubled in the last twenty years. The curly is hypoallergenic, this is the least Seborrhoicus protein present in the bulb of curly hair, than in other horses. This carries the allergens. Less protein Seborrheic = less allergies + less allergens!
For the hypoallergenic Bashkir Curly to be fully "hypoallergenic" it must be isolated from horses called "normal" a few days before its contact with the allergic person. Before the first meeting with a Curly, the allergic person should be tested in her home, with a sample of hair belonging to the Curly concerned. It might, at first contact, have reaction, therefore, the person must bring his medication, according to the severity of her allergies, under the supervision of their doctor. If there was reaction, the experiment wll be repeated with another curly hair.
There are no Curlys that are "NON-ALLERGIC", they are "HYPOALLERGENIC. This means that a person allergic to horses can tolerate Curly reactions with reduced allergic syptoms. There may be a reaction to one Curly but not to another.
The North American Curly : Is he hypoallergenic ?
Extract translated from sweetened ICHO ... "The answer to this question is being considered at this time in Germany. A lock of hair from" Mary "(* Ebony's May Day Queen 1137 ABC P-F) belonging to Gaby Karsher Curly breeder in Germany, is given to Dr. Frank Jugert of the University of Aachenpour a project on the allergy test. He and his team are involved in research documented to the extent of the hypoallergenic Curly. They test a number of other breeds of horses to make a comparison.

They follow strict protocol to determine whether they can actually provide evidence of an allergic reaction mitigated by a Curly compared to other equine breeds. In 2000, breeders of ICHO submitted 24 samples of Curly hair, placed in quarantine, so they can follow step by step procedures for a correct test.
February 2002. University of Aachen has announced that the project is now complete. Dr.Jugert, combined the results in a report. Meanwhile, the project leader said:

"Yes, the Curly is hypoallergenic.
This seems due to a difference in protein structure of his skin "(ICHO)


"All the Bashkir Curly have a strong tendency to be hypoallergenic. There are few reports of non-Curly Curly (straight) which are also hypoallergenic. It seems that the hypoallergenic Straights are usually the product of a cross-Curly/Curly. We need more search results to verify this information and to explain why the Curly is hypoallergenic. "ICHO
Several Morgan horses happen to be carrying the hypoallergenic gene. Knowi
ng that a Morgan stallion (Ruby Red King) is one of the founding stallions of the breed Curly,
perhaps hypoallergenic gene that is found among Curls "straight" (non-features).

 

 

 

 PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE
NORTH AMERICAN CURLY


Winters and hard conditions have shaped the race. An impressive hardiness and frugality to all events, it has increased to face the terrible conditions of the major North American winters.

Their hair is curly, round, thin and oily, with various degrees of curling, from a small ripple in tight curls like astraquan. It is through their woolly hair, their thick skin, the generous layer of fat and the deep venous system, that in winter, Curly horses can withstand temperatures of around -40 °.
The mane and tail are curled several degrees from the ripple, the curling and even Rasta style! (Dreadlocks) .. The hair in the ears is curled, often in the summer, the only visible sign of recognition of a curly.Mustaches, eyelashes, and bullets are often curled or curly.
 In the spring the thick coat moults to give way to a fine hair, stiff or slightly wavy. Some Curlies even lose tails and manes, they are called "extreme" Curlies. Some may even, in the spring, lose their coats in patches, up to the total alopecia, followed by a spontaneous regrowth of hair that's straight to wavy. But most moult "normally" in a few days.
There are stiff bristles with Curls (straight on the stated preference of "non-feature"), they have the same peculiarities HYPOALLER-GENIC as the Curly. Their progeny can be Curls and hypoallergenic.
The interior of its short and wide ears is trimmed yearly to a tuft of curly hair, which allows the Curly to keep warm in winter. The ABCR recommended not to cut these hairs in distinguishing the Curly. His eyes, which all colors are accepted, are almond-shaped, often lined with very curled eyelashes, which give them a soft and nonchalant look. The curly have wider fields of vision that the horse called "classic", caused by a more important gauge of the eyes, characteristic of the Oriental horse. Its nostrils are small and crescent-shaped, may close, sinus larger than normal to warm the inspired air. His frame is compact and strong.
Its members are well structured, a right upright, and his hooves are round, possibly black or streaked, with very dense horns. The strike, moreover, for most of the time, is unnecessary. But a good trim is required every five to six weeks. The previous must have the "forearm" long, the short pastern (more robustness and flexibility).
The post panards slightly. .. "a feature of the race is the force by the durability and endurance, this is particularly evident in the almost perfect skeleton of their feet and their legs that do rarely a problem" ... ICHO It has small soft chestnuts, which tend to disappear after some specimens. The pins (located at the ball) are sometimes absent. In fact, signs of the primitive race. His back is short. Some times there are curlys with only 5 lumbar (like Arabic). Most of the curls have a rump rounded, fleshy and falling.
The North American Curly Horse is unique, responding to varied descriptions. The wide diversity of existing types is part of a Curly's identity. Close to nature and unique to man for all these reasons, the North American Curly today is a horse known for its hardiness and its natural abilities, its diversity of sizes types and colors of his good heart" .

  ... "The Bashkir Curlys existing today are always more shaped by nature than by man, which has retained its heritage in many genetic characteristics and primitive survival instinct. In many ways it is not a stable race of horses.

The definition of a " stabilized race " around the statement that "animals that, through careful selection and breeding over several generations, we can  look forward to offspring with traits that are consistent and expected.

 

 

CARE AND MAINTENANCE


Pensage normally recommend to maintain curly hair. It is advised to brush manes but they are fragile especially the dreadlocks and corkscrew curls, you can cut the hair at the end of the summer for it to regrow on a good foundation,
brush through with fingers regularly to rid of the old hair and to maintain good growth. Also apply 'sweet almond oil or olive oil at the roots to make the hairs more flexible and less brittle. Tails, can be brushed normally.

Our maintenance tips for the horses hair is, Mane care of your curly ... "Exhibition in the USA (according to the disciplines), the Curls are not shorn as are other breeds of horses. The Curly should look good and it is in its natural state it is in their element. The presence of loops in the ears or on the ball must be regarded as characteristic of the breed and should not be penalized "... ICHO
A MISCONCEPTION REVOLVES AROUND IT BEING SAID
THAT CURLIES NEITHER NEED WORMING OR VACCINES           !! STOP!!

The Bashkir Curly, like any other horse is in need of health monitoring. He does not need to be pampered, they need basic care. As far as the race lives in the wild, the Curly is quite easy to treat, with strong legs and robust constitution.
Curlies generally stand the winter very well. But do not neglect! Curlies stilld need healthy food in sufficient quantities, adequate shelter, regular visits by the veterinarian, worming, a Párraga fitting (if necessary, but rare are the cases), dental care, etc.,.. must be given to the Curly like any horse!

QUALIFICATIONS
... "The original Curly was used by white men to work the ranch, the Indians used to hunt buffalo. Today, Curlies have also become a sports horse (dressage, jumping, etc. coupling. ) western horses working on the ranch, they are also used for hacking, enduranceand touring.

Perhaps more than anything else, the variety and diversity of North American Curly's are responsible for their popularity and make the horse an animal with which the whole family can get involved. In general, Curly has intelligence and a rapid understanding more developed than normal equine temperament they are thoughtful, calm and patient. With a permanent desire to please and satisfy the human being. It is the ideal horse for beginners, fearful people, children and the disabled

If the request is made, the answer is quickly given! How quickly everything is treated and delivered. A curly trapped, not forced, to the point of self-harm, as in both cases. Patience is the key word! It recounts the stories of curls stuck under a gate, caught in barbed wire, or on a half srable door... Do not panic, analysis and patience! A Number of Curly's, waiting for humans come out of their difficult situations.


 

STANDARD(S)

According to scientists in recognition of race, the North American Curly is not a real race. However, the goal of many Curly breeders is to develop a real horse race with the curly coat and allergy free qualities. Many Curly breeders are also committed to the preservation of old lines of the Curly North Americans that still exist. ICHO's goal is to support all these different types of breeding programs "... ICHO

There is no precise standard for Curly, these variations are the sections where fall herders ICHO, in clubs and associations. Every type of Curly is destineded to a different kind of diciplines. The most frequently used is the saddle, with the curly height of 145 to 155cm. Every time there is a recommended maximum size of 168cm for 615Kg. Our standard is, in 2009, the highest French curly was, 160 cm.

 



 

 

ALLURES / GAITS

The Curly is a result, it can be medium or long, straight, athletic and effective, smooth. In walk- the post will arise on or before the earlier of the footprint, creating a long stride, the look known as "stepping pace" or "Curly Shuffle" and a quick and flexible bottom as fast as a small trot . The trot should be naturally extended and flexible, and Curly for some more or less pointed and air: the Gaited. Some breeds of speed have been crossed with Curly, and about 10% of Curly naturally adopt today is the foxtrot, the running walk or Curly shuffle.
Have a look to Gaited

 


 

 

AMERICAN CURLY, SACRED INDIAN HORSES

 

The origins of Curly is one of the great mysteries in the world of horses. The first found in North America dates from the 1800s, the Dakota, in "Les Contes d'hiver", related to curl stolen by the Indians Sioux Indians crows. Different theories on their migration on the American continent. The curlies, who were excellent accessories for the hunting of bison, were horses that were sacred and revered, were reserved for shamans and sorcerers.
The most prized by them were those who wore the "medicine hat" roan or black spots on the top of the head.
Known as "big red dog" or "Buffalo Pony", name, ostensibly in connection with the buffalo robe. They were courageous and brave horses, they have not changed.

History being what it is now, modernity took over, the Indians have been forgotten and Curly joined the herds of wild horses. More details. Even today, the dominant "Curly" gene comes Curly lines that have reproduced in the wild. Cave drawings made by the Chief Red Cloud in 1881 depicting the Battle of Little Bighorn, features curlies.
We talk of race in the curly Damel family to Eureka in Nevada. These ranchers catch some live specimens in the wild as mustangs, and integrate them into their herds of horses working their ranches. In 1932 a terrible winter has decimated their livestock. The Curly horses and their offspring, and a few others survive. The Damel therefore resume their livestock with a few specimens of fortune. They realize very quickly that these hoses are horses, which not only resist temperatures to nearly minus 40 °, are easy to learn, but they have a formidable intellect, a great openness and are hardy and resilient. In 1952, the winter was fatal again, for many of their horses. Only the standard Cooper D survives and broodmares 4 Curly. D Copper is one of the "founding fathers" of the Curly race. There are still a lot of curlies wih lines from "D", Damel. In 1971, ABCR American Bashkir Curly, "is based in Ely by a handful of lovers of Curly, to promote the preservation of the rare curlies. The first identified Curls from wild herds in the mountains of Nevada. These are the where the famous Curly had been incorporated into the herds of pastoralists who had suffered great cold in 30 years.
Today, the descendants of Damel still live at Dry Creek and Ackerman and Peter Ranch.Tom breeds and always work with Curls, and you can always meet Curly in the herd of wild mustangs.

1906 photo of US Soldier on a Curly horse. (This old photo was sold on eBay, purchased by Michelle Ives )

    AMERICAN REGISTRY

CURLY ALL ARE REGISTERED OR ELIGIBLE TO ICHO - MOST TYPES AND SPORT IN CSI
- ABCR: Curly American Bashkir Curly Registry nearest to the line Damele www.abcregistry.org
- CSI: for the promotion of market and breeding sport horse curly www.curlysporthorse.org
- AWR: Organization founded to support, promote and preserve the breeding lines of quality Sport Horses American.
- ICHO : International Curly Horse Organization: all types of curly from subjects not having the characteristics recorded curly types Sport ICHO is divided into several branches according to the capabilities of the horse, eg western, pony, sport.Extrait ICHO of the charter: preserving, protecting and promote the curly horse in the world ... to encourage the selective breeding to improve the quality of the race ... ... international research on the phenomenon of curly HYPOALLERGENIC. provide the best services to association members.www.curlyhorses.org for U.S.

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